Editorial Chief: Jemimah M. Njuki, Africa Centre for Gender, Social Research and Impact Assessment

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Vol 3, Issue 1, pp 131-157, 2018

Community typology framed by normative climate for agricultural innovation, empowerment, and poverty reduction

Author: Patti Petesch1*, Shelley Feldman2, Marlène Elias3, Lone Badstue1,Dina Najjar4, Anne Rietveld3, Renee Bullock5, Nozomi Kawarazuka6, and Joyce Luis7
1International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center, CIMMYT
2Cornell University
3Bioversity International
4International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas, ICARDA
5International Institute for Tropical Agriculture, IITA
6International Potato Center, CIP
7International Rice Research Institute, IRRI
*Corresponding author: Patti@pattipetesch.com

Abstract

This paper employs the concepts of gender norms and agency to advance understanding of inclusive agricultural innovation processes and their contributions to empowerment and poverty reduction at the village level. We present a community typology informed by normative influences on how people assess conditions and trends for village women and men to make important decisions (or to exercise agency) and for local households to escape poverty. The typology is comprised of three village typestransforming, climbing and churning with each type depicting a different normative climate and trajectory of change in agency and poverty levels. Across “transforming” villages with significant increases in people’s agency and poverty reduction, we found a highly inclusive normative climate that is fueling gender equality and agricultural innovation, as well as infrastructural improvements, expanded markets, and male labor migration. The research, part of the GENNOVATE initiative, includes a qualitative comparative methodology and dataset of 79 village cases from 17 countries.

Keywords: qualitative comparative research, gender norms, empowerment, agricultural innovation, community development

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