Editorial Chief: Jemimah M. Njuki, Africa Centre for Gender, Social Research and Impact Assessment

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Vol 5, Issue 2, pp 1-12, 2020

A review of the effects of migration on the feminization of agrarian dryland economies

Author: Jemima Nomunume Baada1 and Dina Najjar2*
1Department of Gender, Sexuality and Women's Studies, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada.
2International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA), Sustainable Intensification and Resilient Production Systems Program (SIRPS), Social, Economics and Policy Research Theme, Rabat, Morocco.
*corresponding author, d.najjar@cgiar.org


Intensifying outmigration in dryland areas affects women's roles in agriculture and related activities, with broader implications for productivity and gender equity. Using a systematic review of literature, we examine the effects of migration on the “feminization of agriculture” in dryland areas. The findings reveal that women are performing more farm labor in agrarian societies due to the increasing outmigration of men. In addition, female agricultural labor is becoming more visible because of growing research on the feminization of agricultural labor in dry areas. The findings also show that migration-related agricultural feminization in drylands is influenced by gendered, generational, socioeconomic, and sociocultural factors, as well as economic and social remittances – with ongoing negotiations of these processes happening at different levels. Despite the tensions and (re)negotiations that accompany these changes, particularly regarding return migration, social and economic policy interventions could leverage the increasing participation of women in dryland agriculture to improve women's livelihoods.

Keywords: Feminization of Agriculture, Outmigration, Gender, Dryland Agriculture, Policies, Livelihoods.

DOI: 10.19268/JGAFS.522020.1
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